Photo Credit: Laura Lyon | University of South Florida

Lorie Fridell, PhD
Chief Executive Officer and Executive-Level Instructor

Lorie Fridell, a professor of Criminology at the University of South Florida and a former Director of Research at the Police Executive Research Forum (PERF), is a national expert on biased policing. She has authored and co-authored a number of books, chapters and articles on the topic. While at PERF she co-authored with colleagues Racially Biased Policing: A Principled Response, which guides law enforcement executives on how to respond to the issues of racially biased policing and the perceptions of its practice. Concerned about the very high expectations that stakeholders had with regard to the data collected on police stops, she wrote By the Numbers: A Guide for Analyzing Race Data from Vehicle Stops and the companion book, Understanding Race Data from Vehicle Stops: A Stakeholders’ Guide. Her most recent book (Springer 2017) is entitled Bias-Free Policing: A Science-Based Approach.

With the assistance of experts on the science of bias and on policing and with funding from the USDOJ COPS Office, Dr. Fridell and Anna Laszlo (FIP’s Curriculum Designer) created the “Fair & Impartial Policing” (FIP) Training Program.  FIP, LLC is now the #1 provider of implicit bias awareness training for law enforcement in North America.  Dr. Fridell and FIP have been highlighted in The Police Chief, Psychology Today, the Washington Post, the Harvard Business Review, National Geographic, Mother Jones, and other periodicals. Dr. Fridell trains FIP at the command/executive level and is a frequent keynote speaker at conferences on the important topic of biased policing and implicit bias awareness training. Her speaking skills are indicated by her five university-level teaching awards.

Selected Fridell publications on Biased Policing

Academic Articles:

Fridell, L.A. (2017).  Explaining the Disparity in Results across Studies

Assessing Disparity in Police Use of Force: A Research Note.  American Journal of Criminal Justice, 42: 502 – 513.

Fridell, L.A. (2016).  Racial aspects of police shootings: Reducing both bias and counter bias.  Criminology & Public Policy, 15(2): 481 – 489.

Fridell, L.A. & Lim, H. (2016). Assessing the Racial Aspects of Police Force Using the Implicit- and Counter-bias Perspectives.  Journal of Criminal Justice, 44 (March), 36 – 48.


Fridell, L.A. (2017).  Producing Bias-Free Policing:  A Science-Based Approach.  New York, NY:  Springer Publishing and the George Mason University Center for Evidence-Based Criminology.

Fridell, L.A. (2004).  By the Numbers:  A Guide for Analyzing Race Data from Vehicle Stops.  Washington, DC:  The Police Executive Research Forum.

Fridell, L.A. (2005). Understanding Race Data from Vehicle Stops: A Stakeholder’s Guide.  Washington, DC:  The Police Executive Research Forum.  (This guide summarizes key points from By the Numbers.)

Fridell, L.A., Lunney, R., Diamond, D. & Kubu, B. with Scott, M. & Laing, C. (2001).  Racially Biased Policing: A Principled Response.  Washington, DC: The Police Executive Research Forum.


Fridell, L.A. (2008).  “Racially Biased Policing:  The Law Enforcement Response to the Implicit Black-Crime Association.”  In Lynch, M., Patterson, E.B., & Childs, K. (Eds). Racial Divide:  Race, Ethnicity and Criminal Justice.  Monsey, NY:  Criminal Justice Press, 39-59.

Fridell, L.A. & Scott, M. (2005).  “Law Enforcement Agency Responses to Racially Biased Policing and the Perceptions of its Practice.”   In Dunham, R.G. & Alpert, G.P.  (Eds).  Critical Issues in Policing, 5th Edition. Prospect Heights, IL:  Waveland Press, 304-321.

Fridell, L.A. & Scott, M. (2010).  Above chapter reprinted in Dunham, R.G. & Alpert, G.P. (Eds).  Critical Issues in Policing Contemporary Readings, sixth edition, pp. 343 – 360. Prospect Heights, IL:  Waveland Press.

Fridell, L.A. (2001).  “Responding to Racially Biased Policing Through Collaborative Problem Solving.”  In Reuland, M., Brito, C.S., & Carroll, L. (Eds). Solving Crime and Disorder Problems: Current Issues, Police Strategies and Organizational Tactics.  Washington, DC: PERF.

Selected Fridell Publications on Other Topics

Academic Articles

Maskaly, J., Donner, C.M., & Fridell, L.A. (2018).  Police CEOs and Subordinates’ Perceptions of Workplace Misconduct: Examining the Effect of Demographic Similarity on Attitudinal Congruence.  Policing:  An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management.

Jennings, W.G., Fridell, L.A., Lynch, M., Jetelina, K.K., & Gonzalez, J.M.R. (2017).   A quasi-experimental evaluation of the effects of police body-worn cameras (BWCs) on response-to-resistance in a large metropolitan police department.  Deviant Behavior, 38(11), 1332 – 139.

Donner, C.M., Maskaly, J., & Fridell, L.A. (2016).  Social bonds and police misconduct: An examination of social control theory and its relationship to workplace deviance among police supervisors.  Policing:  An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, 39(2), 416 – 431.

Donner, C.M., Fridell, L.A. & Jennings, W.G. (2016). The relationship between self-control and police misconduct: A multi-agency study of first-line police supervisors. Criminal Justice & Behavior​, 43(7), 863 – 878.

Jennings, W.G., Lynch, M.D. & Fridell, L.A. (2015).  Evaluating the impact of police officer body-worn cameras (BWCs) on response-to-resistance and serious external complaints:  Evidence from the Orlando Police Department (OPD) Experience utilizing a randomized controlled experiment.  Journal of Criminal Justice, 2015: 480 – 486.

Donner, C., Maskaly, J., Fridell, L.A., & Jennings, W.G. (2015).  Policing and Procedural Justice:  A State-of-the-Art Review.  Policing:  An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, 38(1), 153 – 172.  doi:10.1108/PIJPSM-12-2014-0129.

Jennings, W.G., Fridell, L.A. & Lynch, M.D. (2014).  Cops and cameras: Officer perceptions of the use of body-worn cameras in law enforcement. Journal of Criminal Justice, 42 (6), 549 – 556.   

Lim, H., Fridell, L.A. & Lee, H.  (2014). The impact of supervision and neighborhood context on police use of less-lethal force: A multi-level analysis. Journal of Police Science14(2), 155-182.

Authored and Edited Books:

Ederheimer, J. & Fridell, L.A., Eds. (2005).  Chief Concerns:  Exploring the Challenges of Police Use of Force.  Washington, DC:  The Police Executive Research Forum.

Fridell, L.A. & Wycoff, M.A., Eds. (2004).  Community Policing:  Past, Present and Future.  Washington, DC:  The Police Executive Research Forum and the Annie E. Casey Foundation.

Alpert, G.P. & Fridell, L.A. (1992). Police Vehicles and Firearms: Instruments of Deadly Force.  Prospect Heights, IL: Waveland Press.


Fridell, L.A. (2010). “Deadly Force Policy and Practice:  The Forces of Change.”  In McCoy, C. (Ed), To Protect Life:  Readings on Police Accountability.   Washington, DC:  Urban Institute Press, pp. 29-51.

Fridell, L.A. (2010).  “Use-of-Force Policy, Policy Enforcement and Training.”  In Dunham, Roger & Alpert, G.P. (Eds).  Critical Issues in Policing:  Contemporary Readings, sixth edition.   Prospect Heights, IL:  Waveland Press, pp. 513-531.

Fridell, L.A. (2015).  Above chapter reprinted in Dunham, R. & Alpert, G.P. (Eds). Critical Issues in Policing:  Contemporary Readings, seventh edition. Prospect Heights, IL:  Waveland Press, pp. 548 – 567.

Fridell, L.A. (2007).  “Building Community Trust around Issues of Force.”  In Ederheimer, J.  (Ed).  Chief Concerns:  Strategies for Resolving Conflict and Minimizing Use of Force. Washington, D.C.:  The Police Executive Research Forum, 13-45.

Johnson, W., Warren, M., Ederheimer, J., & Fridell, L.A. (2007). “Conducted Energy Devices: PERF’s National Studies and Guidelines for Consideration.” In Ederheimer, J. (Ed).  Chief Concerns:  Strategies for Resolving Conflict and Minimizing Use of Force. Washington, D.C.:  The Police Executive Research Forum, 99-132.   

Fridell, L.A. (2005).  “Improving Use-of-Force Policy, Policy Enforcement, and Training.”  In Ederheimer, J. & Fridell, L.A. (Eds).  Chief Concerns:  Exploring the Challenges of Police Use of Force.  Washington, DC:  The Police Executive Research Forum, 21-55.

Fridell, L.A. (2004).  “The Defining Characteristics of Community Policing.”  In Fridell, L.A. & Wycoff, M.A. (Eds).  Community Policing:  Past, Present and FutureWashington, DC:  PERF and the Annie Casey Foundation, 3-12.

Fridell, L.A. (2004).  “The Results of Three National Surveys on Community Policing.”  In Fridell, L.A. & Wycoff, M.A. (Eds).  Community Policing:  Past, Present and Future.  Washington, DC:  PERF and the Annie Casey Foundation, 39-58.

Mary Hoerig, MBA

Inspector (retired) Mary Hoerig, MBA
Chief Operating Officer and Master National Instructor

Inspector Hoerig was a member of the Milwaukee Police Department for 25 years until she retired in 2016 as an Inspector (Deputy Chief). She served in many areas of the police department including Patrol, Criminal Investigations, Internal Affairs, Intergovernmental Services, Field Operations, and Administration. Prior to retirement, she was assigned to command the Strategic Management Bureau which includes Strategic Analysis, Records, Technology, Community Development, Grants, Policy, Special Events Logistics, and the Office of Management, Analysis and Planning. Inspector Hoerig received her bachelor’s degree in Criminal Justice Management from Concordia University and is a graduate of the Northwestern University Center for Public Safety (Police Staff and Command), and PERF’s Senior Management Institute for Police (SMIP). Inspector Hoerig studied Law Enforcement Leadership at Marquette University and received her MBA from Alverno College.

Chief (retired) Scott Cunningham, PhD
Executive-Level Instructor

Chief Cunningham has over 37 years of experience in the policing profession. Prior to his retirement in 2017, he served as Chief in three agencies in North Carolina. He spent most of his professional career with the Tampa, FL Police Department where he retired as Assistant Chief over the Patrol and Special Operations Divisions. He has served in virtually all areas and ranks of a police agency. Chief Cunningham holds an MPA from Golden Gate University and a Ph.D. in Adult Education and Organizational Management from the University of South Florida. He authors articles and makes presentations on various topics including accreditation, pursuits, policies, management, leadership, ethics, and human resources. He is active in the International Association of Chiefs of Police and the NC Association of Chiefs of Police. He is also an active team leader for the Commission on Accreditation for Law Enforcement Agencies.

Lieutenant (retired) Sandra Brown
Master National Instructor

Lieutenant Brown retired in 2011 after working twenty-five years with the Palo Alto Police Department (PAPD) and five years prior as a Deputy Sheriff for the Santa Clara County Sheriff’s Office. Throughout her career with the PAPD, Lt. Brown held many positions, including Detective in Property and Body Crimes, Crime Scene Investigator where she worked all major crime scenes, Public Information Officer, and Commander of Internal Affairs. Lt. Brown also held many training positions to include Field Training Officer, TAC Officer with the police academy, and Manager of the Professional Training and Standards Division. She is also a POST certified trainer. During her time with the SCCSO, Brown worked in inmate housing in the women’s detention facility and was a part of the transition team for the new men’s detention facility. Lt. Brown specializes in contemporary management for police administrators, crisis communication, media relations, Tools for Tolerance for law enforcement, and cultural diversity training for command staff. Lt. Brown joined Fair and Impartial Policing in 2009, training law enforcement professionals both nationally and internationally.

Clarence Hunter

Assistant Chief (retired) Clarence T. Hunter, Jr
Master National Instructor

Assistant Chief Clarence T. Hunter, Jr. joined the Henrico County (VA) Police Division in July 1996 as a Police Officer. During his tenure, Asst. Chief Hunter served in Criminal Investigations, Organized Crime, and SWAT. He also served as Commanding Officer for Patrol Operations, South Station, and Personnel and Training. Asst. Chief Hunter holds a bachelor’s degree in Organizational Leadership. He is a graduate of the Administrative Officers Management Program at North Carolina State University, the Police Executive Leadership School at the University of Richmond, and the Senior Management Institute for Police, sponsored by the Police Executive Research Forum in Boston, MA. Prior to becoming a member of the Police Division, Asst. Chief Hunter served for six years as a Police Officer with the City of Richmond (VA) Police Department. He also served in the United States Army, 82nd Airborne Division, and the Virginia Army National Guard, retiring at the rank of Master Sergeant.

JoAnn Johnson

Colonel (retired) JoAnn D. Johnson
Master National Instructor

Colonel Johnson retired from the Illinois State Police in 2018 after 29 years of service. She began her law enforcement career in 1989 as a Trooper with the Illinois State Police (ISP) in the Chicagoland area. During her tenure with the department, she worked Patrol, General Criminal Investigations, and Narcotics Investigations. Colonel Johnson served as the Operations Lieutenant in Patrol, the Curriculum Section Supervisor at the ISP training academy, and the Chief of the Office of Equal Employment Opportunity. She was appointed as Lieutenant Colonel of the Division of Internal Investigation in 2013 and was later appointed to Colonel of that division in 2016 where she served until her retirement. She is a graduate of the Northwestern University Center for Public Safety, School of Police Staff and Command Class #282. Additionally, Colonel Johnson received her Bachelor of Science in Administration of Justice from Southern Illinois University-Carbondale, and a Master of Arts in Organizational Leadership from Lewis University.

Lieutenant Colonel (retired) Brenda Leffler
Master National Instructor

Lieutenant Colonel Brenda L. Harteau began her career in 1993 as a road trooper for the Colorado State Patrol and retired after 24 years of service. Following the September 11 attacks, Lt. Colonel Leffler was central to the development of the state’s fusion center, the Colorado Information Analysis Center (CIAC). Leffler was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel in 2012 and acted as a regional commander. She supervised field districts, the Criminal Investigations Branch, the Training Services Branch, Internal Affairs, and the Strategic Budget Analysis Section. During her tenure, Lt. Colonel Leffler served on multiple boards and committees to include the Colorado Special Olympics Executive Committee. She has additional law enforcement experience from her 10 years of service in the United States Army. Lieutenant Colonel Leffler has a master’s degree in Forensic Psychology and is a graduate of the 241st Session of the FBI National Academy.

Deputy Chief Anthony (Tony) Raimondo
Master National Instructor

Mr. Raimondo currently serves as the Executive Director of Development Services for the City of Sanford. His responsibilities cover all facets of community development and include Planning, Building, and Code Enforcement. Mr. Raimondo also brings 26 years of Law Enforcement experience to the FIP Team. Mr. Raimondo retired from the Sanford Police Department as the Deputy Chief of Police in 2020. He served in numerous supervisory positions within the department including Patrol, Street Crimes, and Narcotics/Vice Unit, and he has held administrative leadership positions in Professional Standards, Training, and Tactical Operations. Mr. Raimondo has an MS in Criminal Justice from the University of Central Florida. He is also a graduate from the FBI National Academy 260th Session and the Command Officers Development Course through the Southern Police Institute, University of Louisville. Prior to entering law enforcement, Mr. Raimondo served nine years in the United States Marine Corps as an infantryman and ANGLICO fire control team member. He is a veteran of operations in Panama and the Persian Gulf War.

Colonel (retired) Deborah J. Campbell
Senior National Instructor

Colonel Campbell recently retired from the New York State Police after completing a 32-year career with the agency. During her time with the Division of State Police, she rose through the ranks from Trooper to Colonel, where she had oversight of the Division’s EEO investigations, Recruitment, Promotional Examinations, Employee Assistance Program, Personnel, and Labor Relations. Prior to her retirement, Colonel Campbell was assigned to the Office of the Superintendent where she was responsible for oversight of the Protective Services Unit, Planning and Research, and special projects for the NYSP. Colonel Campbell assisted in the development of the New York Women in Law Enforcement (NYWLE) organization. She was an original member of the Board of Directors and served as the first President of NYWLE. In addition to teaching for FIP, Colonel Campbell consults and serves as an instructor for IACP’s leadership programs. She holds a Bachelor of Science Degree from SUNY Cortland and a Master of Arts Degree in Criminal Justice from the Nelson A. Rockefeller Institute of Government.

Captain (retired) Harvey S. Powers
Senior National Instructor

Captain Powers is a 25-year veteran of the Richmond (Virginia) Police Department, serving there until he retired in May 2018. For the last five years of his Richmond career, Captain Powers was the Director of the Richmond Police Training Academy. In addition to his role in the Richmond Police Department, Captain Powers served for eight years as a regional leader and fundraiser for the Law Enforcement Torch Run to benefit Special Olympics. Captain Powers holds undergraduate degrees from James Madison University in both Psychology and History and has done graduate work in community agency counseling and accounting. He is a graduate of PERF’s Senior Management Institute for Police (SMIP) and the Professional Executive Leadership School (PELS). Currently, he is the Director of Law Enforcement Services for the Department of Criminal Justice Services for the Commonwealth of Virginia. In this capacity, he manages police training and decertification for twenty thousand police officers in the state.

Lieutenant (retired) Cathleen Wichmann
Senior National Instructor

Lieutenant Wichmann retired in 2016 after a 25-year career with the Milwaukee Police Department. She served in many areas of the Police Department including Patrol, Communications, Tactical Enforcement (SWAT), and the Police Academy. Prior to retirement, she served as a Lieutenant over the Neighborhood Policing Bureau which included strategic/tactical operations, and supervision of the Tactical Enforcement, Motorcycle, Canine, Fugitive Apprehension, and Street Crimes units. Lieutenant Wichmann spent two tours of duty with the Tactical Enforcement Unit, both as a Sergeant and Unit Commander. During her tenure with the Milwaukee PD, she was a certified instructor for DAAT, EVOC (Master Instructor), Professional Communications, Active Shooter, Chemical Munitions Less-Lethal/Distraction Devices, Firearms (handgun, shotgun, patrol rifle, ECD), and Fair and Impartial Policing. She is a national instructor for IACP’s Leadership in Police Organizations and the Women’s Leadership Institute. Lieutenant Wichmann received her bachelor’s degree in Criminal Justice from the University of Wisconsin-Platteville. She also served in the US National Guard as a Military Police Officer, achieving the rank of 1st Lieutenant.

Senior Special Agent (retired) Kelley
National Instructor

Senior Special Agent (SSA) Adcox retired in 2018 having served twenty-five years with the United States Secret Service. She began her law enforcement career as a Patrol Officer with the Hattiesburg (MS) Police Department where, prior to graduating from the Academy, she held civilian positions within the Hattiesburg Police Academy and City Court Services. In 1993, SSA Adcox was hired as a Special Agent with the United States Secret Service assigned to the Dallas Field Office and then transferred to the Vice-Presidential Protective Detail. She ended her career with the United States Secret Service as a Senior Special Agent in the Jackson (MS) Resident Office. While in Jackson, she served as the Logistics Coordinator for the 2008 Presidential Debate in Oxford, MS and as an instructor of Protective Theory and Procedure at the International Law Enforcement Academy in Budapest, Hungary. She is currently employed as an Investigator with the United States Secret Service, conducting pre-employment interviews and investigations.

Deputy Chief Ian Cyr, MA
National Instructor

Deputy Chief Ian Cyr is in his 25th year of service with the University of Massachusetts (Amherst) Police Department. He has held a wide variety of assignments including Field Training Officer, Defensive Tactics and Firearms instructor, Tactical Team leader, Chemical Munitions instructor, and Police Academy instructor. He is also responsible for incident command during major events at the university. Deputy Chief Cyr has been instrumental in developing the Citizens Police Academy and collaborates to develop strategic planning efforts for the department. He holds a B.S. in Criminal Justice and a M.A. in Regional Planning. Deputy Chief Cyr graduated from the 234th session of the FBI National Academy. Cyr is currently assigned as the Deputy Chief of Police overseeing department operations and administrative functions. The UMass Police is a 63-member fully sworn police department serving the University community of approximately 33,000 people.

Lieutenant Colonel (retired) Kevin Eldridge
National Instructor

Lt. Colonel Eldridge retired from the Colorado State Patrol after 31 years in law enforcement that includes serving in the Police Departments of Red Rocks Community College and Westminster. He supervised various areas including field troopers, Accident Reconstruction Team, Immigration Enforcement Unit, Records, Policy, C.A.L.E.A., Analysts, Aircraft Unit, Communications, Training Academy, Public Affairs, Logistical Services, Capitol Security, and Dignitary Protection. Lt. Colonel Eldridge has presented across North America on the impacts of legalized recreational marijuana. He is a graduate of the FBI National Academy, 252nd Session, and the Northwestern University Center for Public Safety School of Police Staff and Command, 304th Session.

Major Steve J. Garcia
National Instructor

Major Garcia is currently the Commander of the Colorado State Patrol (CSP) District One – Metropolitan Denver. Throughout his 23-year career, Major Garcia has held various assignments and leadership positions, including Commander of both the Training Services Branch and the Criminal Investigation Branch; Director of the CSP Training Academy, Office of Preparedness and Security, and the Colorado Information Analysis Center (CIAC); and Deputy Director of the Intelligence and Operations Center and the CIAC where he helped establish the Terrorism Liaison Officer (TLO) program. He completed the 2010 FBI and Harvard School of Executive Education and Leadership in Counter- Terrorism. Major Garcia currently serves on the Colorado POST Academy Directors Board, the Colorado Legislative Marijuana Curriculum Committee, and the MADD Board of Executive Directors. He serves as Commander of Patrol’s management, security and operations for major events such as the USA Pro-Cycling Challenge, the Boulder Ironman, visiting NFL teams playing the Denver Broncos, 9/11 ceremonial events, and other state-wide events.

Captain (ret.) Gaylon Grippin
National Instructor

Gaylon Grippin retired from the Colorado State Patrol in 2020 after 27 years with the agency. At the time, he was assigned to the northeastern corner of Colorado where he led a field troop for the Colorado State Patrol. For a period of about 3 years, he successfully led troopers in the entire northeastern quadrant of the state. He completed 30 years in law enforcement in total, having started in 1990 at the Colorado State University Police Department. During his career, he has been exclusively in patrol functions throughout Colorado and assignments which include service on a 911 board, Community Corrections Board, School Safety Committees for public schools and colleges, the Colorado State Patrol’s Intelligence Led Policing committee, work on CALEA certification projects and a Regional Critical Stress Debriefing Team. He has a Bachelor of Science in Parks and Recreation Administration and his MS in Criminal Justice Administration with a specialization in Organizational Learning. He is also a graduate of Northwestern’s School of Police Staff and Command #267. Upon retiring, he and his wife moved to the Orlando area of Florida.

Dr. Rudolph B. Hall Jr.
National Instructor

Dr. Hall is currently a member of the Federal Monitor’s team acting as the oversight body for the New York Police Department (NYPD) where he reviews police officer performance regarding police citizen interactions, constitutional policing, and accountability for the agency and its members. Prior to this position, Dr. Hall was Assistant Chief of investigations for the New York State Attorney General (NYAG) where he led the Office of Special Investigation. His office oversaw all investigations of deaths of individuals after having contact with police or peace officers across the State of New York. Before joining the NYAG’s office, Dr. Hall worked for the NYPD for 21 years, sixteen of which he held a supervisory rank across various assignments. Dr. Hall earned his Doctorate in Education focusing on Executive Leadership from St. John Fisher College in 2020 and earned a MPA at John Jay College.

Captain of Police Timothy Leitzke
National Instructor

Captain Timothy Leitzke joined the Milwaukee Police Department in 2002 and has served in numerous roles within his department including Patrol, Criminal Investigations, and Internal Affairs. Captain Leitzke developed the Milwaukee Bike Theft Reduction Initiative (#MKEBTR)- a community oriented and problem-solving approach to addressing bike theft in Milwaukee through community education, data analysis, investigations and partnerships. Captain Leitzke is a City of Milwaukee trainer for racial equity practices, has been designated as the MPD representative on the City of Milwaukee’s Racial Equity and Inclusion Leadership Team and is a member of the Race, Equity and Procedural Justice Committee in Milwaukee County. He is a Wisconsin Law Enforcement Standards Board certified instructor in Defense and Arrest Tactics, Emergency Vehicle Operations, Professional Communications, and Vehicle Contacts. Captain Leitzke is the commander of the Major Incident Response Team and has received multiple awards for Meritorious Service during his career to date.

Captain (ret.) Lisa Loughran
National Instructor

Captain Loughran spent 21 years with the New York State Police where she held many ranks, ultimately retiring as the Captain in charge of the Bureau of Criminal Investigation. Loughran retired from the NYSP to spend more time with her family and to accommodate the additional needs of her youngest child born with a rare congenital condition. Captain Loughran is an adjunct professor of Criminal Justice at Ulster Community College and assists potential candidates train and prepare to take the physical agility test to become a police officer. Loughran holds a bachelor’s degree in Police Science and a Master of Arts degree in Labor and Policy Studies. She also holds numerous certifications in the health and wellness industry. Aside from spending time with her family, Loughran helps empower others to reach their personal and professional goals through consulting clients in matters spanning personal wellness, public speaking, positive thinking, and personal and group fitness training.

Captain (ret.) Rodney Manning
National Instructor

Captain Manning retired from the Pennsylvania State Police after serving from 1984 to 2011. Captain Manning’s experience includes Traffic and Criminal Investigations, Field Training, Supervision, Station Commander, Commander of Community/Special Services Section overseeing Community Service, Mounted Unit, Ceremonial Unit, and several Governor’s committees as representative for the Colonel. He attained the rank of Captain/Director of the Training Division and was responsible for all Cadet/Recruit training and a large percentage of enlisted and civilian training. In addition to his State Police duties, Captain Manning instructed at a university-sponsored police academy for 20 years. Since retirement, he has continued his education by adding to his 83’ Bachelor of Science with a 2016 Master of Arts in Organizational Behavior. Captain Manning has been an active instructor for the International Association of Chiefs of Police in their Leadership in Police Organization training for 10 years.

S. Ali Moosvi
National Instructor

Ali Moosvi is a serving police officer and has over twenty-nine years of experience with the Toronto Police Service. With a policing career ranging from front-line emergency response to major case task force investigations, Ali is the first Canadian law enforcement officer to join the Fair & Impartial Policing team. Moosvi provides dynamic context to the FIP curriculum by using his extensive policing experience to illustrate practical applications of the FIP program’s science-based concepts and principles.

Commander Chris Pérez
National Instructor

Commander Chris Pérez, a decorated 24-year veteran of the Chandler (AZ) Police Department brings experience in patrol operations, child abduction response, violent crime, and special victim crime investigations. He currently leads Chandler Police Department’s Operational Support Bureau overseeing all SWAT, Traffic, Criminal Apprehension, Detention, Community Services, Training and FTO operations. Cdr. Pérez earned a bachelor’s degree in history from Arizona State University and holds a master’s degree in education from Northern Arizona University. Before his career with the Chandler Police Department, he served as a Hospital Corpsman in the United States Navy.

Deputy Commissioner (ret.) Ramona Prieto
National Instructor

Deputy Commissioner (ret.) Prieto has over 39 years of progressive law enforcement experience from her service with the California Highway Patrol (CHP) as well as her appointment as Acting Director of California’s Alcoholic Beverage Control (ABC), two of the largest organizations of their kind in the nation. As CHP Deputy Commissioner, she directed the day-to-day operations of over 11,000 employees, functioning with an operating budget of $2.1 billion. As Acting Director of ABC she took progressive steps to enhance the operations of that department and enhance collaboration in the communities. Prieto has provided patrol services and leadership in both rural commands as well as major metropolitan field commands, including Los Angeles and the San Francisco Bay Area. She oversaw the Offices of Community Outreach & Media Relations, Equal Employment Opportunity, Internal Affairs, and Legal Affairs. She has earned numerous honors and awards, including CHP Division Commander’s Commendations, the Women Peace Officers’ Association of California award for Professional Achievement, California Peace Officers Association Trail Blazer award, the coveted Los Angeles Police Department Special Operations Leadership Award, and U.S. Congressional District Three 2015 Woman of the year. Prieto has a Bachelor of Arts degree in Public Administration from the University of San Francisco, as well as a master’s degree in Leadership from Saint Mary’s College in Moraga, California. Deputy Commissioner (ret.) Prieto is also a graduate of the Northwestern University’s School of Police Staff and Command.

Detective/Sergeant Karl Schmitz
National Instructor

Detective/Sergeant Karl Schmitz began his police career with the Monroe County, MI Sheriff’s Department. During his time in Monroe, he worked in corrections, as a deputy on road patrol, and in an undercover capacity. After joining the Michigan State Police in 1995, Schmitz served as a leader on several teams, including a highway interdiction team and the fugitive apprehension team. Detective/Sergeant Schmitz completed the IACP Leadership in Police Organizations Class and has served as a precision driving instructor and a Field Training Officer Instructor. Schmitz is currently assigned to the FBI Joint Terrorism Task Force, investigating both domestic and international terrorism cases. Detective/Sergeant Schmitz is a graduate of Cornerstone University with a bachelor’s degree in Business Administration.

Sergeant John Sluth
National Instructor

Sergeant John Sluth started his policing career in 1985 when he enlisted in the United States Army for the Military Police Corps. After serving on active duty he was hired by the Palm Beach County Sheriff’s Office (PBSO). Sergeant Sluth currently serves in the agency’s Training Division as the Firearms Training Facility Range Master. He has held numerous positions within PBSO, including Deputy Sheriff, Property Crimes Detective, Field Training Officer, Road Patrol Supervisor, Volunteer Services Supervisor, and Detective Sergeant. Sergeant Sluth is also currently assigned as a Platoon Leader of the department’s Emergency Field Force. He is a graduate of the Southern Police Institute/University of Louisville’s Command Officer Development Course and is a graduate of the FBI-LEEDA Trilogy program. Sergeant Sluth holds a Bachelor of Science degree in Emergency Management and a Master’s degree in Emergency and Disaster Management.

Lieutenant (retired) Scott T. Wong
National Instructor

Lieutenant Wong was hired as a Police Officer for the City of Palo Alto in 1982. He was promoted to Agent in 1993, promoted to Sergeant in 1996, and promoted to the rank of Lieutenant in 2009. During his 29-year career, Lieutenant Wong served as a Field Training Officer, Property Crimes Detective, Recruiting Team member, SWAT Team member, Internal Affairs Team member, Secretary and President of the POA, Body Crimes Detective Supervisor, Field Training Supervisor, Traffic Team Supervisor, K-9 Team Manager, and founding President of the Palo Alto Police Managers’ Association. After his retirement in 2011, Lieutenant Wong worked part-time as the Palo Alto Police Department 911 Communications Manager from 2012-2013, and a Reserve Police Officer from 2013-2015.


Laura Nickles – Logistical Manager

Jodi Raimondo – Executive Assistant and Logistics Coordinator

Andy Rohde – Technology Coordinator

Stacy Milligan – Business Operations and Legal Specialist

Kudra Collins – Logistics Coordinator